A relatively boisterous species that needs a lot of space for its size. However, it should be the dominant species in the tank or it can become withdrawn, with male fish losing colour. House it with peaceful species that can look after themselves. Certainly do not keep it with Mbuna or the like. Larger Cyprichromis sp. and Altolamprologus sp. can make good tankmates.
It’s a maternal mouthbrooder. A large tank furnished as suggested above is ideal, with large areas of sandy substrate being particularly essential. The fish should be kept in a group with several females to each male. Condition them with plenty of high quality vegetable-based foods.
When ready, the male will excavate a spawning site in the substrate. This crater-like structure can be up to 60cm in diameter. In nature, males hold these adjacent to each other in large colonies. They may also carry sand to higher sites on flat rock surfaces and build their nests there, if these are made available.