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HC207UM

MARBLE HERMIT CRAB (Coenobita pseudorugosus)

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Common name: Pseudorugosus

Latin Origins: the Latin adjective rugosus (“wrinkled”), which itself derives from “ruga” (“wrinkle”)

Greek Origins: combining form of pseudḗs false, pseûdos falsehood

Distribution: Indo West Pacific Region. In Japan this species is recorded from Chichijima and Anijima Islands in Bonin Islands, Anami-Obshima, Okinoerabujima and Yoronjima Islands in the Amami Islands and from each island of Okinawa Prefecture except Kitadaitojima Island. Very abundunt in Oknawa Prefecture. [1] Central Indonesia – Celebes ( Sulawesi ) Island, West Nusa Tenggara Islands, and the Philippines. Madagascar[3], Maldives. They may also available in the eastern Indonesia ( Moluccas Island & around Papua )[2]

Habitat: tropical shore. Semi-desert water edge in SW Madagascar [3]  The range of Coenobita species is higher up the shore than that of any other hermit crab, but the study species, particularly C. rugosus and C. pseudorugosus, differ little in habitat and zone occupation (Barnes 1997a). Hermit crabs are typically scavenging omnivorous detritivores with little or no obvious partitioning of food resources (Hazlett 1981). The coenobitid species studied are, likewise, highly opportunistic consumers of detritus on the strandline and similar food (Barnes 1997b). Food is, therefore, highly unlikely to be significant in reducing niche overlap.[4]

Ecology: Mostly nocturnal, supratidal, terrestrial

Larval Stages:

Characteristics: Pseudo rugosus is pink as juvenile and become dark red/dark pink/a part black when it matures. Eye stalks are elongated. Large pincer is flat on the bottom, stitch marks are less pronounced than on rugosus. The coloration of the large pincer is lacking the two distinct dark patches that is found on rugosus. The shield has a dark brown band behind the eyes.

Shield usually longer than broad, narrower anteriorly; anerior margin between rostrum and lateral projections concave; rostrum small and triangular; doral surface with scattered granules on anterior and lateral portions; and lateral margins setose.

Ocular acicle broad basally, triangular and terminating in a small spine. Antennular basal segment with very produced laminar portion proximally and vertical margin of its lamina making an obtuse angle with upper margin of segment; small flagellum of antennule reaching nearly to one-half length of large one. Antennal acicle fused with second segment of its penducle.

In left chelipeds palm with an oblique series of seven to ten up-standing laminar teeth on the upper part of the outer surface; lower margin of propodus nearly straight in distal half and not four-cornered in an external form; palm with scattered round granules in addition to oblique teeth on outer surface, numerous especially on its lower portions; both fingers also with numerous round granules on outer surfaces; inner surface of palm strongly elevated in middle part and covered with large scale-like tubercles; movable finger with corneous-tipped granules on inner surface. In small cheliped fingers and palm with corneous-tipped granules and setae on outer surfaces.

In left third leg outer surfaces of dactylus and propodus flat, smooth, and separated from dorsal surface by a well marked longitudinal crest; walking legs except left third leg with setae on lower margin of each sement. In male coaxe of fifth legs of both sides produced ventrally, unequal and aright coxa produced into an elongate tube, always longer than left one; its tube turning to the left and curved ventrally.

Small individuals with a broad dark brown transverse band at anterior one-third of shield and two longitudinal stripes of the same color on posterior portion. Large individuals sometimes with two dark brown patches behind anterior margin of shield. Side walls of shield with a dark brown transverse band on anterior part.